You may need to supplement this with analysis of literature published between writing the article and submitting your thesis.
- Unpublished material not submitted for publication
- Submitted for publication to [publication name] on [date]
- In revision following peer review by [publication name]
- Accepted for publication by [publication name] on [date]
- Published by [publication name] on [date]
Accepted statuses for publications
You may include in progress or published material written during your enrolment, as part of your thesis, along with chapters that are written specifically for the thesis. The Graduate Research Training Policy outlines what can be included in the thesis.
Your thesis must include a literature review that clearly details the research question and a general discussion that integrates the work and places the publications into the context of the research question.
You may have to supplement the papers with additional methods sections as they are often abbreviated in published articles. You are also encouraged to include any data and discussion that was omitted from the article as an addendum in the thesis.
When submitting your thesis, you will be required to confirm that the work in the articles is your own, and that your co-authors verify this and give permission for the article to be included in the thesis. To do this, you must complete the Declaration for a thesis with publication form and approach all co-authors to sign the Co-author authorisation form. You must upload these forms as a single combined file with your thesis on submission. Plan well ahead to obtain the required co-author signatures to avoid delays to your examination.
As detailed in the Preparation of Graduate Research Theses rules, your preface should outline:
- the publication status of any included articles
- your contribution to any included articles
- any work carried out in collaboration with others
- editorial assistance received
- parts of the work completed outside of your candidature.
There is no proscribed format for a preface; you may wish to include a written description or a table outlining the tasks performed by others and the proportion of the contribution as a percentage.
Your co-authors and principal supervisor must declare that you are the primary author of the included material and you contributed more than 50% of the work towards the publication. A primary author is mostly responsible for the planning, execution and preparation of work for publication. If you are the primary author but are not the first named author, this should be explained in the Preface, outlining the work you did as primary author.
- I contributed 50 per cent of the work with another author. Can I include this publication as a chapter of my thesis?
No. You need to have contributed more than 50 per cent for it to be included. You could, however, include this paper as an appendix.
- Does the peer review and publication editing process fall within the editorial assistance requirements?
Yes. It is understood that portions of the thesis that have been published or accepted for publication will have been through an editorial process. The advice and guidance received from colleagues and journal editors should be considered part of your learning experience.
Format of the thesis
You should use the “author accepted” version of articles that have been accepted or published. This is the final draft as accepted by the publishers, including any changes based on referees’ suggestions before it has undergone copy-editing, typesetting and proofing. This is the most appropriate version for your thesis to be published in the University repository.
While some journals request that the version you send them includes any figures or tables at the end of the submitted document, when you reproduce the article in your thesis you should place them where they logically flow within the text. It is also recommended that you use similar formatting (e.g. line spacing, font type and size) as the rest of the thesis.
- A literature survey is included in each of the papers. Is an additional literature survey required?
Yes. All theses, whether they contain publications or not, must have a literature review that clearly details the research question and a general discussion that integrates your work.
- I produced several publications during my candidature. Can I just bind them together and submit them for examination?
No. The policy allows the thesis to be submitted with publications, it is not a thesis by publication. You must include a literature review that clearly details the research question, and a concluding general discussion that integrates the work and places it into the context of the research question.
- I want to use part of a publication in my thesis, but not the entire publication. Can I do that?
Yes, but you must cite it correctly and indicate in the preface the source of the information (eg. that the text on page(s) xx is from [name of publication], it’s publication status and your contribution to the publication). You may wish to include the entire publication as an appendix so that your examiner can see where the information came from.
- Is there a different word length expectation for theses that include publications?
Theses which include publications can typically be slightly shorter (for example the typical PhD length is 80,000 words, but a PhD including publications typical length is 50,000-80,000 words).
However, while the writing style may be more concise, there is no difference in the expected volume of work presented in theses with publications
Maximum limits apply to all theses.
- Do I need to list the references used in a publication I have included in my thesis in the overall reference list for my thesis?
If you are including the list of references as part of the publication they do not need to be repeated in the overall reference list.
- When creating my list of tables and figures do I also need to include the tables and figures from a publication that I have included in my thesis?
No, but you may do so if you think that it will assist readers of your thesis.
- If I have to revise and resubmit my thesis for second examination can I include a new publication?
Yes. Revised and resubmitted theses are examined in their entirety and the inclusion of a new publication may strengthen your response to examiners.
- If the publication status of my chapter has changed since I submitted my initial thesis, which version do I include in the final thesis submitted to the repository?
In most cases you should include the latest version, up to the author accepted version and update the publication status in the preface. If your examiners request changes which conflict with the editorial or peer review advice you have since received from your publisher, you may choose to address this elsewhere in your thesis, or in your written response to the examiners’ reports.
- literature reviews where you are the primary author.
- systematic reviews of a research question as a results chapter.
- a protocol paper involving novel method development.
- material exploring key methodological issues.
- I published work which is relevant to my thesis prior to my enrolment. Can I include this publication in my thesis?
No. Only work completed during your candidature can be included in the thesis.. You can cite your earlier work just like you would any work that is relevant to your research. The work should be listed in the preface of your thesis.
- My publication is not peer reviewed. Can I include it as a chapter of my thesis?
Yes. You will need to clearly acknowledge in the preface that its status is ‘in progress’ or, that the paper has been published but not peer reviewed.
A work is suitable for inclusion if it was in progress or published during your enrolment in your current degree. This includes:
All methods need to be covered to a high degree of detail in your thesis.
Completing the forms
- Do I need to complete the Declaration for a thesis with publication form if I am not including the actual publication in my thesis?
No. Note that if others have contributed to the work that you are including in your thesis you need to acknowledge their contributions in the preface.
- I want to include part of a co-authored publication, for which I am the primary author, in my thesis. I will be adapting it for my thesis and will not use the published version. Do I need to complete the Declaration for a thesis with publication and Co-author authorisation forms?
No, but you must cite it correctly and indicate in the preface of your thesis the source of the information and your contribution to the publication. You may wish to include the entire publication as an appendix so that your examiner can see where the information came from.
- My research is part of a large consortium where every member is usually listed as an author of a publication. It would be impossible for every member to complete the Co-author Authorisation form. What should I do?
Only those who actually collaborated for the publication should complete Co-author Authorisation forms.
- One of my figures has been used in a publication. The data collection and the creation of the figure was my only contribution to the paper. Do I need to complete the Declaration for a thesis with publication and Co-author Authorisation forms?
No. You can use the figure in your thesis without completing the forms but you should acknowledge the origin of the figure in the preface and appropriate cite the publication in your thesis
- Do I need to provide the Examinations Office with proof that my paper has been accepted and in press, or has been published?
No. You should provide this evidence to your advisory committee when you are discussing the proposed format for your thesis. Your principal supervisor must sign the Declaration for a thesis with publication and Co-author Authorisation forms which confirms their agreement to the inclusion of the publication.
- How do I combine my Declaration and Co-Authorship forms?
You can use Adobe Acrobat's 'Combine Files' tool which will allow you to combine files of different filetypes into a PDF. Alternatively, you can open a PDF copy of a file and then use the 'Organise Pages' tool which will allow you to drag additional pages where you can then save it as a single file.
You should run your whole thesis through iThenticate, including the chapters comprised wholly or partly of your published work. You can then exclude the specific matching publication source/s that correspond to the publications you have appropriated included in your thesis. The means that the thesis chapter/publication is reviewed against the other literature in the repository, but not matched to itself. You should only exclude matching sources that are articles which you have appropriately included. You should outline and explain any filters and exclusions you applied in iThenticate in an accompanying declaration which you can also upload to TES.
Further information on the use of iThenticate can be found: https://staff.unimelb.edu.au/research/ethics-integrity/research-integrity/ithenticate
The criteria for examination remain the same whether publications are included or not. View the Graduate Research Training Policy for more information. You can also view the information for examiners here: https://gradresearch.unimelb.edu.au/staff#examiner-information.
If the publication status of your article changes between submission for examination and submission of your final thesis, it is appropriate to include the most recent version (up to the author accepted version). You should also update the preface to reflect the new status. If you are submitting a list of corrections for approval and/or resubmitting for re-examination you should also note this in your index of changes.
Examples of theses with publications
The following are theses available openly or with University of Melbourne log-in through the University of Melbourne repository that include publications.
Al Zein, Eza (2019). Taskscape: Caring for Migrant Materials. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/235841
Arundel, Jonathan Paul (2015) The spatio-temporal distribution of honey bees and floral resources in Australia. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/59612
Bamford, Nicholas James (2016) Relationships between diet, obesity and insulin dysregulation in horses and ponies. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/148423
Bibb, Jennifer Louise (2016) Musical recovery: the role of group singing in regaining healthy relationships with music to promote mental health recovery. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/124271
Burfurd, Ingrid Ellen (2018) Beliefs and learning in the laboratory: essays in experimental economics. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/219180
Fan, Yi (2019) Quantification of mandibular morphological changes in 3D. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/225588
Kriesner, Peter (2017) Wolbachia fitness benefits and symbiont interactions in Drosophila. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/207959
Mody, Fallon (2019) Doctors down under: European medical migrants in Victoria (Australia), 1930-60. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/221550
Nencini, Sara (2018) Tackling bone pain at the source: identifying and exploring new therapeutic targets. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/216858
Pan, Xuan (2018) Graphene quantum dot based electronic devices. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/222013
Seibt, Susanne (2018) In-situ investigations of molecular self-assembly using microfluidics. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/214671
Smith, Merryn (2018) Non-structural carbohydrate storage and use in eucalypt trees of south-east Australia. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/221163
Uddin, Shihab (2019) Functional aspects of root and leaf development in dryland crop water use under elevated CO2. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/219849
Vahedi, Andisheh (2018) The work-family interface and child mental health: longitudinal associations via family functioning across childhood. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/217236